Malware is a collective term given to different types of malicious programs that can infect a computer system. They are the most serious threats that most computer users come across, and can cause many types of problems on the system. Errors related to malware are also quite cryptic, and not easy to resolve. For example, the d.exe doesn’t seem to be a process of any use, except that a little research reveals that it is a malware file.
Is there any sure shot defense against malware? Well, by following some very simple steps, it is possible to take care of most malware-related problems in any Windows PC:
- Antivirus scan – The first step to deal with malware problems is to perform a thorough antivirus scan on your computer. Before running the scan, make sure that your antivirus software is up-to-date with latest definitions so that it is ready to detect and remove the latest threats.
- Registry cleanup – It is well known that the registry is very important to the proper functioning of the system, and that it is usually very complicated to perform registry repair by yourself. Even if there seem to be no problem with the registry, you should make sure that you check it regularly for errors. The reason is that a corrupt registry weakens the system security, and opens the way for malware to infect the system. For instance, the smss.exe process is a system process easily hijacked by malware. Therefore, make sure that you purchase a good registry cleaner and take care of registry problems before it is too late.
- Firewall – A lot of importance is given to viruses and the antivirus issue, but people normally forget that network security is also paramount. In fact, it is only because of the weak network security that malware attack the system and make hacking and phishing activities possible. A good firewall establishes itself between the network and your system, filtering all data traffic. In this way, security is enhanced and there is less chance of a malware invading your system or connecting to the internet. There are many free firewalls you can choose from, and they are about as important as any antivirus program out there.
- Spyware removal – Even though they might be considered the second rung of the ‘malware family’, spyware and adware cause a lot of errors on the system and can even steal confidential user information in severe cases. They can fill up disk space very quickly by replicating themselves very fast, hence keeping your system busy via useless activities. A good example of such malware is the alg.exe process. The most effective defense against such malware is to get a good quality anti-spyware installed on your system that will save your sensitive data from being transferred to attacker websites.
As was shown in this discussion, there are a few common reasons for malware problems. Your skill level and expertise in dealing with computers doesn’t really matter, just as long as you remain informed about malware threats and see to it that you download all software from trusted sources only.